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Amoxicillin Side Effects in Women

Amoxicillin Side Effects in Women

Amoxicillin is usually prescribed for female urinary tract infection and other bacterial infections, but not many know about its side effects. Here's more...
Ningthoujam Sandhyarani
Last Updated: Apr 12, 2018
Amoxicillin is one of the popularly prescribed antibiotics, categorized under the drug class penicillin. Sold under the brand names Trimox, Amoxi and Amoxil Pediatric Drops, it is administered for treating various types of bacterial infections. Right from middle ear infection to bladder infection, urinary tract infection, gonorrhea, and pneumonia, Amoxicillin has shown prompt results in many patients. Nevertheless, it is to be borne in mind that this moderate spectrum antibiotic is associated with certain adverse reactions.

Regarding the drug action of Amoxicillin, it is a β-lactam antibiotic that causes lysis or destruction of the cell wall of pathogenic bacterial strains. It is formulated in capsules, tablets, chewable tablets, tablets for suspension, and powder for suspension of various concentrations. And the dosage varies with respect to the infection type and extent of severity. For adults, the prescribed dose may be 250 mg (or 500 mg) after every 8 hours, and 500 mg (or 875 mg) after every 12 hours.


After taking this drug, skin rashes and alike symptoms are developed in women, especially in those who are hypersensitive to penicillin drugs. Hence, if an individual has previous allergy incidences to any of the drugs belonging to penicillin class (like ticarcillin, ampicillin, and piperacillin), she should inform the doctor before taking this antibiotic medication. This will surely help in avoiding any allergic reaction to the drug.

Pseudomembranous Colitis

Similar to other antibiotic side effects, administering Amoxicillin can lead to pseudomembranous colitis. Though this antibiotic-induced colitis occurs only in a few patients, this intestinal problem is caused due to resistant bacteria, and should not be taken lightly. Consult the doctor in case of symptoms like persistent abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, bloody stool, or excretion of mucus in the stool.

Digestive Problems

One of the commonly manifested side effects in women is problem related to the digestive system. Some people who have allergic reaction to penicillin complain of nausea, vomiting, loose motions, and irregular bowel movement. These conditions may subside gradually, but if they persist or exacerbate, quit taking the antibiotic and consult your doctor.

Amoxicillin and Pregnancy

Regarding pregnancy, advocating this medication is not a medical concern, provided that the pregnant woman is non-allergic to drugs that are classified under penicillin. But in case of allergic reactions to these drugs, prescribing Amoxicillin is out of question. But, for safety purpose, follow the doctor's advice regarding drug dose and intake period.

Amoxicillin and Breastfeeding

This antibiotic is not ideal for nursing mothers. According to a study conducted on effects of Amoxicillin drugs on breastfeeding mothers, it is found that traces of this drug are present in the breast milk. It is quite likely that the excreted antibiotic in the breast milk can cause allergies and diarrhea to babies.

Serious Side Effects

Very rarely, the side effects include changes in mental state, such as mood swings, anxiety, irritability, and confusion. Other probable serious effects include easy bruising, fever, dark-colored urine, and yellowish coloration of the skin. In case of any suspected signs like these, immediately stop taking the drug and seek medical attention as soon as possible.
On a concluding note, this drug is safe and effective, if taken temporarily and in prescribed dosage. Prolonged intake may increase the risk of fungal infections, like oral thrush and vaginal infection. Truly speaking, the side effects in women are similar to that of men. In order to minimize adverse bodily reactions in both adult men and women, take these drugs and medications only under the guidance of a qualified doctor.