Bacterial vaginosis, formerly known as Gardnerella vaginalis and nonspecific vaginosis, is the most common vaginal infection in women that mainly affects the vagina, urethra bladder, and the skin in the genital area. Being more common in women of a reproductive age, it occurs due to overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina.
Although it is not a STD, this disease can occur due to sexual intercourse. However the main cause for this ailment is overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria and the Gardnerella organism in the vagina. Basically a healthy vagina comprises small and balanced amounts of these microorganisms.
However, when the vaginal balance is disrupted by their overgrowth, a protective bacterium called lactobacilli that acts as a natural disinfectant is unable to maintain a healthy balance which eventually results in this condition.
Repeated sexual intercourse in a short duration which increases the vaginal pH, is also a common cause of this ailment. Moisture in the vaginal area, excessive use of antibiotics and poor hygiene are some other probable causes.
In most cases, the symptoms are so mild that women are unaware of being infected. Smelly, watery, gray, or yellow vaginal discharge, soreness after intercourse, itching and burning in the vagina are some common symptoms in women.
Antibacterial medications are the standard treatment for bacterial vaginosis. Although these medications whether in oral or cream form are effective in killing the bacteria and preventing them from spreading to other parts of the body, they also destroy some of the good bacteria, that results in causing yeast infection in women.
This is one of the best remedies, in which you need to insert plain yogurt containing lactobacillus, directly into the vagina with the help of a plastic applicator. This remedy helps to maintain the balance between the 'good' and 'bad' bacteria and other microorganisms in the vagina.
For this treatment, take ¼ cup of 3% hydrogen peroxide and mix it with two cups of water and then apply into the vagina. This helps in restoring the natural bacterial flora and re-balancing the vaginal pH.
Just like plain yogurt, here also you need to insert acidophilus capsules/suppositories directly into the vagina with one tsp of acidophilus and 2 cups of water. It also serves by balancing the 'good' and 'bad' microbes in the vagina.
Tea tree Oil Suppositories
In the tea tree oil remedy, you need to insert the suppositories directly into the vagina for up to 6 weeks. Tea tree oil has anti fungal properties that attack the unhealthy bacteria in the vagina. However, make sure you don't use the oil directly on to the sensitive vaginal lining as this may lead to an allergic reaction.
Grapefruit Seed Extract
Here also you need to douche with one tsp of diluted grapefruit seed extract and two cups of water. However, remember not to apply this directly on to the vaginal lining as it can cause an allergic reaction.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Of all other cures, apple cider vinegar works best to treat vaginal odor. All you need is a bathtub where you have to soak yourself in warm water containing 1 cup vinegar, for 20 - 25 minutes.
The aforementioned bacterial vaginosis remedies will surely help you treat the ailment and prevent the condition from recurring. However, with time if there is no change in the condition, it is advisable to consult a physician to diagnose the underlying cause and prescribe the necessary medication.
Disclaimer: This is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.