Ovarian cysts are commonly seen in the form of follicular cysts, as they are formed due to fluid collection around a developing egg. This fluid surrounds the eggs and too much of it stretches the egg like a balloon. Most of these cysts, large or small, disappear on their own within a month or two. These cysts are formed during ovulation, and a structure called corpus luteum produces too much fluid. Like the functional cysts, these corpus luteum cysts, too disappear on their own, most of the time.
What is this Condition?
➜ Different types of ovarian cysts can occur due to a number of factors. You may find 'ovarian cysts' a real worrisome term, but it is very common in menstruating women. Most women develop a cyst during the menstrual cycle due to fluid-filled eggs in and around the ovaries.
➜ Most ovarian cysts are absolutely harmless and are called functional cysts. Most of the functional cysts are asymptomatic and, therefore, are not detected many times. However, in extreme cases, these cysts may cause a lot of pain and may prove to be dangerous if they turn out to be malignant cysts.
➜ Hemorrhagic cysts are those functional cysts that contain blood or bleed. It is not necessary that all cysts will burst eventually. If they do, it leads to bleeding that causes a burning sensation in the pelvic region.
➜ Hemorrhagic ovarian cysts occur when a blood vessel in the cyst wall breaks and causes the blood to flow into the cyst. Most of the cases are a form of functional cysts. They are commonly seen during menstruation and are also affected by the female hormone production.
➜ Indicants of the condition include abdominal pain, especially on one side. The pain is usually felt on the right side of the abdomen but a few women also experience it on the left side. Along with the significant pain, the cyst starts developing blood clots.
➜ These clots tend to restrict the flow of blood leading to further discomfort and painful ovarian cysts. In very rare cases, the hemorrhagic ovarian cysts rupture. If they do rupture, it leads to severe pain.
➜ However, it not always necessary to undergo a surgery to treat a rupture. The blood spills into the abdominal cavity and the pain intensifies as the cyst bleeds. There are high chances of infection in case of ruptured cysts.
➜ There is no treatment per se, as most of these cysts are self-limiting. These hemorrhagic ovarian cysts do not spread and very rarely rupture. This does not mean you take them very lightly and do not follow your doctor's advice.
➜ You need to monitor these cysts to avoid rupture and complications. As mentioned above, surgery is not necessary in case of rupture, but you may need to take antibiotics to avoid an infection.
➜ In case these cysts need to be removed, many women are advised a less invasive procedure called laparoscopy. This procedure helps the surgeon locate and remove the cysts with just 2 to 3 small incisions. The healing period after surgery will only be a couple of weeks, provided there were no related complications.
Apart from this, the patient may be given pain killers, like ibuprofen. You can even use heating pads, hot water bottles, or ice packs to stimulate circulation and reduce the tension in your abdominal area. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer should take these cysts seriously and always get themselves checked for symptoms of malignancy. These cysts are usually non-problematic and with a little bit of caution, you can probably overcome the condition easily.
Disclaimer: This HerHaleness article is for informative purposes only and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.