In the early stages of pregnancy, the first trimester, your body will go through a lot of changes. Knowing what to expect during these 3 months will help you get ready beforehand.
Reasons Behind the Cramps
There are two main reasons why cramping is experienced by some women during the initial months of their pregnancy.
Let's start with what takes place inside a woman's body before pregnancy. Every month, the ovaries produce eggs, this is what is called the process of ovulation in scientific terms. In a particular month, when a woman has intercourse, these eggs produced by the ovaries fertilize with a specific viable sperm. This is called the process of fertilization.
After the fertilization of the egg and the sperm has taken place, the egg travels to the uterus so that it can implant itself in the lining of the uterus, known as endometrium lining. This lining of the uterus is very rich in nutrients as well as blood.
So when the egg implants itself in this uterus lining, some amount of blood discharge takes place from this lining, out of the body through the vagina, accompanied by mild cramping. This is known as implantation bleeding in medical terms. However, in majority of women, the only sign of implantation is cramps as there is no blood discharge at all.
The second reason is the contractions and expansions in the muscles and ligaments of the uterus, as it continuously expands to make room for the embryo. When the expansion occurs, pregnant women often experience abdominal pain and cramps. This proves that cramping during early pregnancy is quite normal, and there is no need to worry as long as it is mild.
Worsening and unbearable cramps, if accompanied with pelvic pain, fever, headache, dizziness, fatigue and presence of blood clots in urine could be an early ectopic pregnancy symptom. It happens when the egg implants itself in the Fallopian tube, cervix, or abdomen instead of the uterus. In this case, consult a doctor at once as it's a serious complication.
Moreover, if severe cramping is accompanied by excess bleeding and does not stop in a couple of days, then it cannot be implantation bleeding. In such a case, it could be because a miscarriage has taken place. Mild cramps is normal and common among pregnant women. However, the moment it becomes worse or persistent, you should contact your doctor at once.
Disclaimer: This is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.