The periodic bleeding from the vagina that occurs at an interval of 28 to 30 days is called menstruation. Also called periods or menses, it occurs due to the cyclical activity of the ovaries. This periodic cycle begins at puberty and will end with menopause. Normally the duration of the woman's period is about 3 to 5 days. If there is any heavy or scanty bleeding or any irregularity in the occurrence of the cycle, one needs to visit a gynecologist. There are different types of menstruation irregularities. On an average, one menstrual cycle occurs every 28 days and can vary from 18 to 40 days in some women. Young women often complain of menstruation irregularities like amenorrhea (absence of bleeding), menorrhagia (heavy bleeding), metrorrhagia (irregular bleeding in between periods), polymenorrhea (menstruation at an interval of less than 21 days). In this HerHaleness article, we shall concentrate more on polymenorrhea and its treatment. But, before we go into the details of polymenorrhea treatment, it is important to note the causes and symptoms of this condition.
What is Polymenorrhea?
Polymenorrhea is a very frustrating menstrual condition for many women. This is because the periods are spaced less than 21 days apart and there is no way to predict their arrival each month. This causes fertility problems in young women as the ovulation period occurs sooner than normal. Thus, if a woman gets her period every 18 days, she will have a total of about 20 periods a year.
What Causes Polymenorrhea?
Polymenorrhea causes include a number of factors. These factors include stress, excessive exercise, medications as well as perimenopause. In some women, it occurs due to presence of polycystic ovarian disease, endometriosis, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), psychological disturbances, chocolate cysts in ovaries and chronic pelvic inflammation.
Treatment for Polymenorrhea
Polymenorrhea cure generally depends on the causes. It is generally treated by improving the overall health condition of the affected woman. If the woman suffers from anemia, this condition is corrected. If malnutrition is the cause, the deficiencies are overcome with change in diet and supplements. This helps in polymenorrhea treatment by overcoming the deficiencies that lead to frequent bleeding. Women under physical or emotional stress are counseled and helped to overcome their stress by meditation. Endometriosis is a condition where the cells of the uterus grow outside the uterus on the fallopian tubes and ovaries. If this is the underlying cause of polymenorrhea, then it is treated and corrected. Women suffering from a chlamydia, gonorrhea or other sexually transmitted diseases are treated for their infection. Once the infection is under control, these women find their menstruation cycle returning towards normal. Some women are prescribed polymenorrhea medications like contraceptive pills containing estrogen and progesterone. Weight management, stress management, reduction in exercise, lifestyle changes, etc. are advised to treat polymenorrhea.
If nothing else works, the doctor may suggest dilatation and curettage (D&C). This is a process where the cervix is opened and the inner walls of the uterus are scrapped. This helps in removal of tissue and treating abnormal bleeding to some extent. This was some information related to polymenorrhea treatment. One needs to speak to a gynecologist for more information and get herself examined for any irregularities with her menstruation cycle. Irregularities with menstruation cycle affect women's overall health as well as lead to fertility issues. Thus, make sure you get medical advice for any problems regarding your menses.